Glossary

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Ballast

Fuel or water placed in the double bottom of the vessel in order to weigh down or to stabilize the vessel.

Ballasting

1) Filling part of the hold or tank of a vessel so that the screw propeller is under the level of the water, to improve the vessel’s performance at sea;
2) Lowering the vessel by filling with water, to reduce the vessel’s total height above the waterline so that the vessel passes under bridges offering limited overhead clearance.

Barge Carrier

A vessel equipped for the transportation of cargo pre-loaded in barges.

Beacons and Buoys

As soon as vessels come within sight of the coastline, they have to be guided into port; that is the role of the system of stationary or floating buoys and beacons. The vital complement to lighthouses for coastal navigation, they are there to permit seafarers not just to locate the fairways but also to detect the many isolated dangers.

Bill of Lading

1) contract between the shipper and the shipping company transporting the goods;
2) written proof of the goods’ receipt by the shipping company;
3) negotiable instrument representative of the goods.

Break Loading

Operation to transfer cargo from one means of transport to another.

Break-Bulk Agent

Agent who receives a consolidated consignment, destuffs the consignment as necessary, clears the goods through customs and hands them over to the consignee (whether a freight forwarder or another party).

Bulk Carrier

Vessel transporting dry bulk cargo.

Bunker

Fuel and water required for the vessel to operate.